Day four, closing day of the conference
Space benefits from university science round-table discussion of the chancellors of the Ukraine’s institutes of higher education became one of the major events of the conference Day 4. Among the participants were Head of the State Space Agency of Ukraine, academicians of Ukraine’s National Academy of Sciences, managers from Yuzhnoye SDO and leading mechanical engineering colleges and universities: Zaporozhye National Technical University, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Zhukovsky National Aerospace University «Kharkov Aviation Institute», National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, National Technical University «Dnipro Polytechnic», National Technical University «Kharkov Polytechnic Institute», Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University, V.N.Karazin Kharkov National University.
At the discussion it was observed that cooperation of Yuzhnoye SDO and higher educational institutions of Ukraine is realized under the General agreement on the joint research activities in the field of aerospace technology development, which was concluded in February 2013. For six years under this agreement work has been performed worth of 40 million grivnas, more than 100 scientific technical reports have been prepared, number of issues solved in development of the up-to-date competitive prototypes of the aerospace engineering, in particular:
- method for determination and verification of the thermostable structures of the spacecraft, based on the use of the laser-optical devices was developed;
- technique for definition of nonmetallic materials outgassing level when testing in the conditions of low vacuum (10-3Pa) was developed according to ECSS-Q-ST-70-02C;
- units of the ammonia propulsion system (APS) and APS as a whole with the propulsive mass underwent development testing, technique of the APS filling was tested;
- electrodynamic characteristics of the multifunction radar absorbing coating layers have been measured;
- initial data was issued to develop the design documentation for the production-experimental complex to produce the disperse powder of aluminum and ferrocene with its derivatives as solid propellants;
- 3D printing technology of composite materials was developed according to which prototypes of carbon flanges were manufactured;
- technology of deposition of the internal heat-resistant coating of НТЗП-В type on the full-scale units was tested etc.
Participants of Space benefits from university science round-table discussed the problems of the present-day educational system, which as Yaroslav Yatskiv, member of the Presidium of Ukraine’s NAS, director of the Main astronomical observatory and academician of Ukraine’s NAS, put it can be characterized as the «degradation of the physical and mathematical education». According to the chancellors of the technical colleges and universities, graduates of the present day schools during the whole semester need to be «additionally instructed to attain the level of the former tenth-graders». Such situation cannot but give rise to concern. Therefore, participants of the round table decided to address the government with appeal to improve the system of training of the highly qualified experts for the engineering industry. Representatives of colleges and universities shall prepare their proposals, on the basis of which the summarized document shall be compiled to be handed over to the corresponding agency.
Besides that during the round table discussion the possibility of the dual education for the aerospace industry, corresponding experience of the Ukrainian colleges and universities and proposal on the further cooperation in the field of experts training were brought up. In particular, it was observed that in connection with significant enhancement of opportunities for cooperation, notably installation of the Ukraine’s most high-end supercomputer in Yuzhnoye SDO and introduction of the modern industrial equipment, new opportunities and cooperation areas emerged, it is possible to bring the cooperation to the new level to develop the modern competitive prototypes of the aerospace technology.
Besides, the chancellor of the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University Nikolai Polyakov presented a gown of the University’s honorable doctor to Alexander Degtyarev, General Director of Yuzhnoye SDO and academician of NASU.
At the final plenary meeting the conference results have been summed up. In particular, conference participants discussed the workshop activities.
Workshop 1. «Current and future space launch systems, launch vehicles, their components and systems». 50 reports were presented by the scientists from Great Britain, South Korea, Ukraine and the USA. «Authors tackled wide range of rocket technology development issues, applied scientific researches, future launchers and systems, generalized the experience of scientific and practical activities. Among them are new engineering solutions for the existing rocket systems and launch vehicles, the analysis of the condition and trends of launch-vehicles and systems modernization», – described the work of the workshop Alexander Mashchenko, its chairman and first deputy of the General Designer-General Director for Organization and Technical Support.
Workshop 2. «Present and future space satellite systems». 97 persons participated in workshop activity, 78 reports were presented, due to great number of participants the subsection «Space research» was organized. Vladimir Masley, leader of the workshop – Chief designer and Head of spacecraft, complexes and systems design office, informed that 7 reports will be recommended for publication.
Workshop 3. «Future rocket engines and propulsion systems». Vladimir Shulga, leader of the workshop, Deputy Head of rocket engines design office, noticed that 22 reports were presented at this conference, which is fewer than at the latter. Employees of YSDO, Oles Honchar DNU and Institute of engineering mechanics contributed the most. 47 persons took part in the workshop activity.
Workshop 4. «Materials and technologies». According to Alexander Potapov, the leader of the workshop, Chief of perspective materials and technologies division, the workshop was active, 61 persons participated in it, including six foreign scientists – from Belarus, Germany, Italy and Spain. 52 reports were presented, 7 of which were recommended for publication.
Workshop 5. «Space for humankind». Irina Fedorenko, workshop deputy chairman, NAECY employee, reported on the workshop activity. 23 reports were presented, mostly prepared by YSDO employees, Dnepr universities and college of space & rocket engineering. 3 reports are recommended for publication. Reports of visitors from Baltics and Mexico aroused great interest and vigorous debate. Modern control systems, quality management, standardization, automation, solar activity, meteorites diagnostics, social aspects of outer space exploration were discussed. Almost one third of reports was dedicated to preparation and retraining of personnel for aerospace industry. Participants of the workshop suggested to allocate a subsection at the next conference devoted to these issues.
Workshop 6. «Ground complexes, launching equipment and their operation». 25 reports were presented by the specialists from YSDO, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, NASU’s Institute of Transport Systems and Technologies, Kharkov National University. As reported Maxim Degtyarev, deputy chairman of the workshop, Chief designer of the rocket and space complex system engineering design office ,«all reports had profound scientific and – we particularly note – applied nature». Number of reports, devoted to optimization study and improvement of the numerical methods of calculation of the gasodynamic, aerodynamic and acoustic effect on the launching equipment, launch site processing equipment aroused particular interest. There were interesting reports, devoted to various issues of the architecture selection of the complex as a whole, and individual systems to develop the ground complexes for small and mini launch vehicles. 4 reports are recommended for publication. Maxim Degtyarev emphasized that the majority of the reported ideas might have practical application in the near future in the products of YSDO and other organizations’.
Workshop 7. «Moon exploration and Moon Village Association. Speakers from Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, YSDO, Institute of Thermoelectricity of Ukraine’s Academy of Sciences (Ivano-Frankovsk), Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Paton Institute of Electric Welding, Institute of Botany of Oles Honchar DNU, Main astronomical observatory of NASU, as well as two foreign guests – from Kuwait and the USA gave their reports at this workshop, activity of which was described by Alexander Kashanov, its chairman, Deputy General Designer for Scientific and Educational Work.
Closing the conference, Alexander Degtyarev, Yuzhnoye SDO General Director said, «We began with four workshops, now there are seven. Number of foreign participants grows. Many bilateral meetings have been held. Conference gains strength and pace».
Participants of the VII International conference «Space technologies: present and future» approved the resulting document, which, in particular, observes that this academic forum managed to create special atmosphere of activity and creative vitality of all the participants. Document emphasizes the urgency, effectiveness and need to enhance the joint research, which occur within the framework of the General agreement between IAA, NASU and YSDO. Participants of the conference noted the priority of consolidation of all efforts of the international aerospace companies and scientists in their scientific researches and exploration of the deep space, prediction and prevention of the global natural disasters, related to space and human activity. It is recommended to continue holding international conferences and working meetings under the aegis of the IAA. The following, VIII conference «Space technologies: present and future», is planned to be held in Dnepr in May of 2021.
At the final plenary meeting the celebration of the 50th anniversary from the launch day of the first satellite under the international space program Interkosmos, which encompassed participants from 28 countries, was also announced. Interkosmos-1 built in Yuzhnoye SDO, was orbited by the Yuzhnoye-developed 63С1 launch vehicle from Kapustin Yar cosmodrome on October 14, 1969 (by the way, it was 67th spacecraft developed by then in Yuzhnoye SDO and manufactured by PA Yuzhmash).
23/05/2019 The third day of the Сonference
22/05/2019 The second day of the conference
21/05/2019 The first day of the Conference